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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CREATIVE RESEARCH THOUGHTS - IJCRT (IJCRT.ORG)

International Peer Reviewed & Refereed Journals, Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2320-2882 | Impact factor: 7.97 | ESTD Year: 2013

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  Paper Title        

PREVALENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASES AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN NINE PRIORITY STATES OF INDIA: EVIDENCES FROM NFHS-4 (2015-16)

  Authors

Arun Kumar Yadav,Prabhat Shankar,Kabir Pa;,Rahul Mishra

  Keywords

Diarrhoea, risk factors, NFHS, priority states, under-five children

  Abstract


Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death among children aged under 5 years of age, and is accountable for death toll of 0.5 million children every year globally. In 2015, deaths from diarrhoea in India, among children under five accounted for 10 percent (117,285) of all deaths among children below the age of five. Thus, the aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence of diarrheal diseases and associated risk factors among under-five children in nine priority states of India. The study used data from the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-IV), which was conducted during 2015�16. In the NFHS-IV survey, a total of 259,627 children under 5 were collected from India, out of which a total of 157,358 children from nine selected states were analysed. The study used Stata/MP Version 14.1 for appropriate bivariate and multivariate statistical analysis. The study has found that the 11 percent of children under age five years had diarrhoea in the two weeks before the survey: it was recorded highest in Uttarakhand (17%), followed by Uttar Pradesh (15%), and Bihar (10%). The prevalence of diarrhoea rises from 14 percent among children under age six months to 19 percent among those age 6-11 months, when complementary foods and other liquids are introduced. Prevalence remains high (16%) at age 12-23 months, which is the time when children begin to walk and are at increased risk of contamination from the environment. The results depicted in table shows that the age of the child, antenatal clinic visits, caste religion and WASH indicator were significantly associated with the risk of diarrhoea among children.

  IJCRT's Publication Details

  Unique Identification Number - IJCRT2010392

  Paper ID - 200182

  Page Number(s) - 2854-2861

  Pubished in - Volume 8 | Issue 10 | October 2020

  DOI (Digital Object Identifier) -   

  Publisher Name - IJCRT | www.ijcrt.org | ISSN : 2320-2882

  E-ISSN Number - 2320-2882

  Cite this article

Arun Kumar Yadav,Prabhat Shankar,Kabir Pa;,Rahul Mishra,   "PREVALENCE OF DIARRHEAL DISEASES AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN NINE PRIORITY STATES OF INDIA: EVIDENCES FROM NFHS-4 (2015-16)", International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts (IJCRT), ISSN:2320-2882, Volume.8, Issue 10, pp.2854-2861, October 2020, Available at :http://www.ijcrt.org/papers/IJCRT2010392.pdf

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ISSN and 7.97 Impact Factor Details
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ISSN: 2320-2882
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Journal Starting Year (ESTD) : 2013
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